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Food for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases

1. Green vegetables and fresh fruits
Green vegetables and fruits are beneficial to myocardial metabolism, improve myocardial function and blood circulation, promote cholesterol excretion and prevent the development of hypertension.

2. Fish
Fish meat is rich in methionine, lysine, proline and bovine xanthine, which can improve vascular elasticity and promote sodium excretion. In addition, fish are rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, which can protect vascular endothelial cells and reduce lipid deposition.

3. Foods rich in arginine
Foods rich in arginine can invigorate kidney and essence, help regulate vascular tension, inhibit platelet aggregation and reduce vascular injury. These foods include sea cucumber, loach, eel, sesame, yam, ginkgo, tofu skin and so on.

4. Foods rich in folic acid
If people lack folic acid and vitamin B6, B12 in their diet, they will increase the level of cysteine in blood, easily damage vascular endothelial cells, and promote the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. Therefore, folic acid supplementation plays an important role in reducing the incidence of coronary heart disease and stroke. We suggest that middle-aged and elderly people, especially cardiovascular patients, should eat more folic acid-rich foods, such as red spinach, asparagus, apples, oranges and so on.

5. Foods rich in calcium, potassium and magnesium
Potassium can promote cholesterol excretion, increase vascular elasticity, and improve myocardial contractility. Magnesium can reduce blood pressure by relaxing blood vessels. Potassium-rich foods include bananas, potatoes, taro, eggplant, lettuce, winter melon and pumpkin. Magnesium-rich foods include green leafy vegetables, millet, buckwheat flour and soybeans. Calcium-rich foods include milk, sesame, shrimp skin, etc.

6. Food containing a lot of plant fibers
Flour, starch, corn and oats contain a large amount of plant fibers, which can promote intestinal peristalsis and facilitate cholesterol excretion. Eat less glucose, fructose and sucrose, which belong to monosaccharides and easily cause blood lipid elevation.

See also:

Diet Therapy:
Change diet and lifestyle to treat diseases.

Healthy Eating:
Develop a healthy eating habit.

Diet for Women:
Healthy Eating Habits for Women.

Diet for Men:
Multiple Recommended Diets for Men.