Red tomatoes can reduce cancer incidence
Tomatoes contain a lot of lycopene, which has antioxidant effect. Studies have shown that lycopene can eliminate free radicals that cause aging and disease and prevent cardiovascular disease. More importantly, lycopene can reduce the incidence of prostate cancer, and effectively reduce the risk of pancreatic cancer, rectal cancer, breast cancer and other cancers. But what kind of tomato has high lycopene content?
Varieties, colors, maturity and even production seasons of tomatoes are the main factors that determine the content of lycopene. Relevant data show that the content of lycopene in yellow tomatoes is very low, only 0.25 mg per 100 grams, while that in red tomatoes is relatively high, generally 3-5 mg per 100 grams, some of which can reach 25 mg. Generally speaking, the redder the color of tomatoes, the higher the content of lycopene, the lower the content of lycopene in immature and semi-mature green tomatoes, that is to say, the redder the tomatoes, the more cancer prevention. In addition, the content of lycopene in tomatoes on the market in summer is relatively high, which is mainly due to the abundant sunshine in summer and the long duration of sunshine, which will greatly increase the content of lycopene; while in winter, the content of lycopene in tomatoes grown in greenhouses is relatively low.
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